Web Development

Web development is an expansive term for the work included in building up a web site for the Internet (World Wide Web) or an intranet (a private system). Web development can run from adding to the most straightforward static single page of plain content to the most web-based internet applications, electronic organizations, and social network services. A more complete rundown of errands to which web development regularly refers, may incorporate web design, web content development, customer contact, customer side/server-side scripting, web server and network security arrangement, and e-business improvement.

Typical areas

Web Development can be split into many areas and a typical and basic web development hierarchy might consist of:

  • Client-side coding
  • Server-side coding

Client-side coding

A client is a party that requests pages from the server and displays them to the end user. In general a client program is a web browser. Client-side programming is the name for all of the programs which are run on the Client.

Client-side Uses

  • Makes interactive web pages
  • Make stuffs work dynamically
  • Interact with temporary storage
  • Works as an interface between user and server
  • Sends requests to the server
  • Retrieval of data from Server
  • Interact with local storage
  • Provides remote access for client server program
  • Client-side | Languages

Client-side scripting languages

There are many client-side scripting languages too.

  • JavaScript
  • VBScript
  • HTML (Structure)
  • CSS (Designing)
  • AJAX
  • jQuery etc.

Server-side coding

The Server is responsible for serving the web pages depending on the client/end user requirement. It can be either static or dynamic.

Server-side programming is the general name for the kinds of programs which are run on the Server.

Server-side Uses

  • It processes the user input
  • Displays the requested pages
  • Structure web applications
  • Interaction with servers/storages
  • Interaction with databases
  • Querying the database
  • Encoding of data into HTML
  • Operations over databases like delete, update.

Server-side Languages

There are several languages that can be used for server-side programming:

  • PHP
  • NET (C# OR Visual Basic)
  • C++
  • Java and JSP
  • Python
  • Ruby on Rails

Static websites are used to represent pre-defined set of information such as a company profile. Dynamic websites interact with the user and show dynamic information depending upon the inputs of the user such as online railway reservation website.

Here are some of the most extensively used programming languages for web application development in the current internet industry.

  • Java

Java is an open-source language, which means it is available free-of-cost. It can be used for developing a stand-alone program as well as individual applets used in complex websites. It uses MVC (Model View Controller) model frameworks such as spring and Struts. It benefits from both object-oriented paradigms and functional programming characteristics.


  • PHP

PHP is used to signify the PHP Hypertext Processor language and it is an interpreted script language. It is best suited for server-side programming that includes repetitive server-tasks performed during the development of your website


  • Python

Python is a dynamic language which means that the developer can write and run the code without needing a separate compiler for the purpose. It supports multiple programming paradigms such as object-oriented programming, structured programming, and even functional programming to a certain extent.


  • .NET

.NET is a framework developed by Microsoft in 2000 and it is used as a framework for several software and web-based applications. It is mainly a Windows based framework. It is mainly a Windows based framework. It supports the Common Language Infrastructure and uses different CLI languages such as C#, F#, J#, and Visual Basic .NET along with numerous other languages.